1-Materials Used in Production
a) PORTLAND CEMENT 42.5 : It has a compressive strength of 425 kg / cm2.It is used to obtain high strength concrete. It contains lime, flue ash and so on. Concrete will not have mold because it has no additives.
b) CRUSHED STONE SAND : Materials of appropriate dimensions obtained from stone quarries are used. Since the stream is not round and weak like sand, it is very successful in providing high strength.
c) PUMICE (BIMS) SAND : Lightweight aggregate used to lighten the product. In certain sizes, it is used as sieved and washed.
d) PIGMENT (PAINT) : As a coloring agent, the external effects and U.V. resistant [BAYER / BAYFERROX] inorganic iron oxide paints are used. The use of dyes is two-fold;
1)By adding complex paint into the mortar, the main color is created. When the stone is broken or cut from any place, it looks the same color again.
2)Color effects are created on the surface of the stones during the casting process. These colors mix again with the concrete and deeply penetrate the surface of the stone. Therefore, the paints are permanent to the concrete and resistant to external influences.
e) CONCRETE ADDITIVE MATERIALS (CHEMICALS):
In order to support the strength and longevity of the concrete, additives such as plasticizers (water reducers), waterproofing materials are used.
According to the ordered product formulation 42.5 Portland cement, crushed stone sand, pumice sand, concrete admixtures and iron oxide paint mixture are added with water and mixed in mortar mixer to obtain main mortar. The color prepared from the iron oxide dyes is applied to certain regions of the molds to create the color effects that will be applied to the surface of the stones before the mold is cast. The main mortar is poured into these molds and tightened by vibration system. The filled molds are left for 48 hours and after 48 hours the molds are removed.
3- PROPERTIES OF PRODUCED MATERIAL:
a-) 1 m2 weight is between 25 - 30 kg.
b-) Provides sound and heat isolation thanks to the pumice (bims) sand inside.
c-) It is not flammable and flammable. There are no side effects harmful to human health.
d-) Due to the high strength of the cement in the stones throughout the surface and a sufficient
provide resistance. It is resistant to external effects.
e) The wall thickness of the produced stones is between 1 and 2.5 cm according to the texture. Buddha will be implemented
the place lifts unnecessary losses.
f-) There are corner stones specially designed for each model.
1- Determination of application area:
a-) The area of the surface to be applied must be found. The length and height of this surface are measured; these two values are multiplied by the field. If there is a window, door or other space on this surface, the areas of these spaces are also subtracted from the total area.
b-) If there is an outside corner in the building to be applied, the required cornerstone amount is determined by measuring the height of the corner. The area covered by a meter of corner stone; about 0.40 m2. Then, the corner height is subtracted from the total area above by multiplying by 0.40 according to the selected model.
2- Tools and equipment required for implementation:
Hand cart, shovel, trowel, rubber mallet, water scales, jet stone, meter, plaster, brush, pliers, gauge, grocery bag and wooden stick.
3- Preparation of the surface to be applied:
a-) Direct to brick, concrete and plastered surfaces; smooth concrete, painted and dirty surfaces on the hammer and so on. tools and notches are formed and applied. (The goal should be to create a surface that will allow the adhesive to hold well.)
b-) Metal, wood, gypsum panel, polystyrene sheets and concrete surfaces before joining products, rabis or wall filesi; After being mounted in tension and parallel to the surface, it is plastered with suitable adhesive. According to the weather conditions, the surface of the plaster is expected to dry for 1-2 days.
4- Preparation of Adhesive Material:
a- Special adhesive in Flex quality;
a1) Adequate amount of water is added to the adhesive material. Trowel is mixed with the help of a shovel to bring the appropriate consistency. The prepared mortar should do this until it becomes dark creamy. High-viscosity mortars can not provide the necessary binding properties, and very wet mortars become weak and irregular.
5- Adhesion of material:
a-) Mortar is applied to the application surface with a thickness of 0.5 - 1 cm. (As plaster) In hot and dry weather, the wall is wetted before the mortar is applied. Mortar area should not exceed 1 m2. Otherwise, the mortar starts to dry and the necessary binding can not be obtained.
b-) On the back surface of the products, some more glue is applied in addition to the wall applied to the wall. In hot and dry weather, the back side of the products is soaked before the mortar is applied.
c-) If it is necessary to apply the wall corner stones to be covered, it should be started first from the corner stones. Corner stones have a long and short edge. Care should be taken to place these edges in opposite directions in the stones placed on top.
d-) Once the corner stones have been placed, continue with the flat stones. Starting from the bottom will provide more regular application. Throughout the application, using a water balance, the joints must be smooth.
e-) Before the products are glued to the wall, place them on the wall as proofing. If it is convenient, the back of the stone is wetted and covered with mortar, and the wall is adhered with a little mortar around it. By pressing on the stone and moving it to the left and right, it is ensured that the back surface is well seated on the wall. Place it firmly in place with the rubber mallet. Finally, the overflow mortar is taken with the help of a trowel. In the application of flat stones, it is necessary to move to the second row after the first row is over.
f-) Products may be cut from place as required for regular applications. Small jet stones or a wide-necked pliers can be used for this. Applying joint mortar to the cut sides of the parts removes the negativities that may occur in the image. Also, bringing the cut side to the upper part of the upper part of the eye level is a positive contribution to the image in the parts below the eye level.
g-) During all application processes, care should be taken not to put mortar on the surfaces of the stones. If it arrives, wait for the mortar to dry a little and clean it with a dry brush when it becomes crumbling. Never use a wet sponge / brush / cloth or hard wire brush for this cleaning.
6-Cleaning and Maintenance:
a-) Stone surface protectors should be applied to cover stone surfaces and joints after application processes are completely finished and mortars dried. Products and applications that do not give shine by forming a film layer on the surface should be preferred.
b-) Acidic and solvent materials, pressurized water and hard brush are not used for cleaning.